Campylorhynchus (rufinucha) capistranus


Campylorhynchus rufinucha


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Rufous-naped Wren

Animals of Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve

Sustainable Development and Wild Nature Conservation in NICARAGUA


Among the more common birds inhabiting the Pacific region of Mesoamerica is the Rufous-naped Wren, which is now known to be several species in a single species complex (Campylorhynchus rufinucha). The species found in Nicaragua, Campylorhynchus rufinucha, is called saltapiñuela locally. Its name comes from a local ground bromeliad (Bromelia pinguin) in which this species may be found skulking. The Rufous-naped Wren is noisy and gregarious, and is always found in groups of up to more than a dozen individuals. They are common wherever there are trees near clearings throughout the Pacific region of Nicaragua, such as hedgerows and yards. They frequent the ground and lower branches, making them easily observed, and they are not shy around humans, making them an easy bird to be enjoyed by novice birdwatchers.

Rufous-naped Wren

The Rufous-naped Wren is among the largest of the wrens (Family Troglodytidae). Photo Joe Taylor.

The Rufous-naped Wren makes a massive nest structure with a side entrance, using leaves, sticks and fibers such as those from Ceiba pentandra seed pods. Nests are often placed in bull's horn acacia (Acacia cornigera). The tree protects the birds from predators thanks especially to vicious ants (Pseudomyrmex ferruginea) which prevent other animals from touching the tree.

chancho cichlid

Rufous-naped Wren (Campylorhynchus capistranus) in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve, Nicaragua. Photo by Joe Taylor.

Along with other easily seen animals such as the White-throated Magpie-Jay and the Variegated Squirrel, the Rufous-naped Wren can provide plenty to watch for a beginning nature enthusiast. The birds of a group tend to stay together in a flock, never very high in trees, and near the nest.

Would you like to share your photographs of the Rufous-naped Wren in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve? Please share them with us by contacting us.

Animals of Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve

Birdwatching in Nicaragua

Darwin's Newest Dreampond

Genetic, behavioral, and morphological evidence of divergence in the Midas cichlid species complex

Species description Amphilophus chancho

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Blog entry 1 variegated squirrel

Blog entry 2 variegated squirrel

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Campylorhynchus rufinucha

Amphilophus chancho, one of the fish species endemic to Laguna de Apoyo, discovered by scientists working in a GAIA project. This species is easily seen while diving in Laguna de Apoyo. Photo Ad Konings.


rufous-naped wren

This baby squirrel was raised by the staff after she fell from a tree as an infant. Today she has her own family in the trees above Estación Biológica. Photo Jeffrey McCrary.


rufous-naped wren

Field research is conducted on several animal and plant groups at Estación Biológica Laguna de Apoyo. Photo Jeffrey McCrary.



Spanish classes for volunteers, interns and other visitos are vital components of our educational program in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve. Photo Jeffrey McCrary.



Bird populations are monitored in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve by the staff and volunteers of Estación Biológica Laguna de Apoyo. Photo Joe Taylor.


Laguna de Apoyo

The forest inside the crater in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve contains dozens of terrestrial species, making the area an appropriate site for wildlife studies. Photo Jeffrey McCrary.


Amphilophus chancho

Field identification of the reptiles of Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve. Photo Kolby Kirk.



Scientists at Estación Biológica Laguna de Apoyo study endangered fish species in the lake. Certified SCUBA divers can accompany us on research dives where endemic fish species can be readily seen. Photo Topi Lehtonen.


Amphilophus chancho

Scientists at Estación Biológica Laguna de Apoyo conduct surveys of wildlife, including resident and migratory birds. Photo Wendy van Kooten.


rufous-naped wren

Animal rescue at Estación Biológica Laguna de Apoyo. Here, Gaia Director Jeffrey McCrary is accompanied by a rapidly healing variegated squirrel (Sciurus variegatoides that was severely injured by illegal poachers. Photo Anne Sutton.